5/5/13

Verbos frasales (1): ¿qué es un verbo frasal?


A lo largo de una serie de posts voy a hacer un resumen práctico de los verbos frasales, basado en mi Gramática Inglesa, 9ª ed. Habrá tamb. ejercicios con su clave, algo de humor y un curioso test para comprobar el grado de confianza que tenéis sobre vosotros mismos:

1.- What do we understand by ‘phrasal verb’?

A ‘phrasal verb’ can be defined as the combination of a verb plus one or sometimes two particles whose meaning is different from the sum of its components: to put up = to give lodging to somebody, for example, is a phrasal verb but to belong to (pertenecer a) is just a verb which patterns with the preposition to, but this preposition does not alter the meaning of the verb= ‘pertenecer’.

PRACTICE 1

How many of these combinations would you call a phrasal verb?

to put off – aplazar
to break down – averiarse
to abstain from -  abstenerse de
to complain about – quejarse de
to fill in – rellenar (impresos, etc.)
to laught at – reirse de
to put up with sth/sb – aguantarse con algo o alguien
to insist on – insistir en
to take after – parecerse a, salir a
to smell of – oler a
to dream of/about – soñar con
to look forward to – estar deseando

5 comentarios :

  1. There will be ten of them about phrasal verbs, with the intention of making them easier for students

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  2. Fantastic article. Some senior students find phrasal verbs hard to learn. I think the reason is that they are not taught phrasals at primary or secondary school. Many 12 year old students don't even know about irregulars! What could we do?

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    Respuestas
    1. Here are a few hints:
      -Teach your students a limited number of Phrasal Verbs each time.
      -Have your students learn the verbs in context.
      - Give them a non-phrasal equivalent for each new phrasal verb they learn.
      -Have them practise each verb by means of a role-play and, if possible, encourage them to make up their own dialogues. I did it in my classes and it worked. In my blog, you have some examples.
      -Also in my blog, you'll find a very interesting transformation exercise. That can help too.
      Best regards.

      Eliminar
    2. Here are a few hints:
      -Teach your students a limited number of Phrasal Verbs each time.
      -Have your students learn the verbs in context.
      - Give them a non-phrasal equivalent for each new phrasal verb they learn.
      -Have them practise each verb by means of a role-play and, if possible, encourage them to make up their own dialogues. I did it in my classes and it worked. In my blog, you have some examples.
      -Also in my blog, you'll find a very interesting transformation exercise. That can help too.
      Best regards.

      Eliminar